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      酷兔英語

      The Winter Paralympic Games, or the Winter Paralympics, is an international sporting tournament held shortly after the Winter Olympics. Every four years, thousands of athletes with a physical disability come from all over the world to represent their country. Some are missing one or more limbs, some have difficulty using their muscles because of cerebral palsy or a spinal cord injury, and others might have a visual impairment. But whatever their disability might be, they compete with as much determination as any other athlete in their quest for gold, silver and bronze medals.

      冬季殘奧會或冬季殘奧會是冬奧會后不久舉辦的國際體育賽事。 每四年,成千上萬身體殘疾的運動員來自世界各地代表他們的國家。 有些人缺少一個或多個肢體,有些人由于腦癱或脊髓損傷而難以使用他們的肌肉,而其他人則可能有視力障礙。 但無論他們的殘疾程度如何,他們都會在尋求金牌,銀牌和銅牌時與其他運動員一樣競爭。

      Winter Paralympic Sports

      The Winter Paralympic Games were first held in Sweden in 1976, with 198 athletes from 16 countries competing in just two sports; alpine skiing and cross-country skiing. The tournament is much bigger nowadays, and it regularly attracts over 500 athletes from nearly 50 countries. They compete in over 70 events in five winter sports; alpine skiing, biathlon, cross-country skiing, ice sledge hockey and wheelchair curling. Many events involve the use of special equipment. For example, in ice sledge hockey (also known as "sled hockey") players who've lost their legs, or can't use them, sit on small, bladed sledges and use two short "sledge hockey sticks" to push themselves along and to pass the puck or shoot for goal. Two Swedish ice hockey players invented the game in the 1960's after becoming disabled, and it's now one of the most popular and exciting sports at the Winter Paralympics.

      Disability Categories and Impairment Levels

      The Winter Paralympics are organized by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). The IPC has established ten disability categories that apply to both the Summer and Winter Paralympics. They cover a range of mostlyphysical and visual impairments. The IPC has also established several levels of impairment, from mild to severe, to ensure that athletes compete against others with a similar level of impairment.

      Related Tournaments

      Other winter-sport tournaments for athletes with disabilities include the Special Olympics World Winter Games for athletes with an intellectual disability, and the Winter Deaflympics for athletes with a hearing impairment. Each of these tournaments is also held once every four years.

      disability (n): any condition that prevents full or normal use of the body or mind - A severephysical disability didn't stop Stephen Hawking from achieving greatness.

      limb (n): an arm, or a leg - My cousin lost a limb in a motorbike accident.

      impairment (n): imperfectfunction of a body part or sense organ - Many people with impairments get really good jobs these days.

      cerebral palsy (n): a medical condition that limits control of movement and speech - Kids with cerebral palsy often get bullied and teased.

      spinal cord (n): the bundle of nerves inside the spine - His spinal cord is damaged, so he might never walk again.

      sledge (n) (also sled): a vehicle for moving over ice or snow, with runners or blades instead of wheels - We loved playing on the little sledges we made every winter.


      生詞表:
    4. international [,int?´n???n?l] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  a.國際的,世界的   (初中英語單詞)
    5. shortly [´??:tli] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  ad.立刻,馬上;不久   (初中英語單詞)
    6. physical [´fizik?l] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  a.物質的;有形的   (初中英語單詞)
    7. missing [´misi?] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  a.缺掉的;失蹤的   (初中英語單詞)
    8. injury [´ind??ri] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.傷害;毀壞;侮辱   (初中英語單詞)
    9. whatever [w?t´ev?] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  pron.&a.無論什么   (初中英語單詞)
    10. compete [k?m´pi:t] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  v.比賽,競爭,對抗   (初中英語單詞)
    11. involve [in´v?lv] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  vt.卷纏;包括;使專注   (初中英語單詞)
    12. equipment [i´kwipm?nt] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.裝備,設備   (初中英語單詞)
    13. mostly [´m?ustli] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  ad.主要地;多半;通常   (初中英語單詞)
    14. severe [si´vi?] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  a.嚴厲的;苛刻的   (初中英語單詞)
    15. normal [´n?:m?l] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  a.正規的 n.正常狀態   (初中英語單詞)
    16. function [´f??k??n] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.機能;職責 vi.活動   (初中英語單詞)
    17. medical [´medik?l] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  a.醫學的;醫療的   (初中英語單詞)
    18. movement [´mu:vm?nt] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.活動;運動;動作   (初中英語單詞)
    19. bundle [´b?ndl] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.包,捆;包袱(裹)   (初中英語單詞)
    20. tournament [´tu?n?m?nt] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.比賽,錦標賽   (高中英語單詞)
    21. determination [di,t?:mi´nei??n] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.決心;決定   (高中英語單詞)
    22. bronze [br?nz] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.青銅(器)   (高中英語單詞)
    23. sweden [´swi:dn] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.瑞典   (高中英語單詞)
    24. regularly [´regjul?li] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  ad.有規律地;經常地   (高中英語單詞)
    25. sledge [sled?] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.雪橇;大錘   (高中英語單詞)
    26. intellectual [,inti´lekt?u?l] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.知識分子   (高中英語單詞)
    27. hearing [´hi?ri?] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.聽力;聽證會;審訊   (高中英語單詞)
    28. athlete [´?θlit, ´?θli:t] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.體育家;運動員   (英語四級單詞)
    29. alpine [´?lpain] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  a.高山的   (英語四級單詞)
    30. swedish [´swi:di?] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  a.瑞典人 n.瑞典語   (英語四級單詞)
    31. imperfect [im´p?:fikt] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  a.不完全的;未完成的   (英語四級單詞)
    32. vehicle [´vi:ik?l] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  n.車輛;媒介物   (英語四級單詞)
    33. spinal [´spainl] 移動到這兒單詞發聲  a.脊椎骨,脊骨的   (英語六級單詞)


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